Sunday, November 27, 2011

Autism Intervention

Even though no cure for autism has been found till date, individuals with the condition however, can be significantly helped. To speak of practically, there are several different approaches which can be applied to autism intervention. The individuals can be helped by involving them in IEBI or Intensive Early Behavioral Intervention.


Autism has been in research for some 40 years now but the concept of autism intervention was only brought in light by psychologist Lovaas and his colleagues whose research in 1987 and 1993 made some true developments in the field.

Present scenario

With better education system, increased awareness and improved diagnosis methods, the scenario is changing for the good as more and more parents are coming out with their autistic child to for treatment. Training programs are now being provided to the parents also to help them understand and cooperate with their child better and this is having a tremendously positive impact on the affected child and the entire family. However, challenges are still faced on this front as there is a lack of trainers in this field and Government seems to be investing for on finding out the cause of the disorder than making any progress in the treatment field.


o Educational interventions: This is an attempt to assist the children not only in gaining academic skills but also improving their communication skills and enhance spontaneity. Their social skills are nurtured and cognitive skills are improved, reducing the disruptive behavior at the same time.

o ABA-based interventions: This type underpins a vast array of behavioral analysis techniques and focuses on one-on-one teaching. This method uses the various behaviorist principles of stimulus, reward and response and evaluated the observed behavior.

o Naturalistic interventions: This type of intervention includes the Pivotal Response Therapy or PRT and targets at the child's development through pivotal areas. These include motivation therapies, self-management, responsiveness to multiple cues and social initiations.

o Communication interventions: These attempt to improve the communication skills of an individual through language and speech therapy.

o Parent mediated interventions: These methods are provided as support to parents of the affected children and offer them practical advice.

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